Migration Remittances And Sustainable Development In Africa

Migration  Remittances  and Sustainable Development in Africa PDF
Author: Maty Konte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 100025965X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Migration Remittances And Sustainable Development In Africa

by Maty Konte, Migration Remittances And Sustainable Development In Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Migration Remittances And Sustainable Development In Africa books, This book provides a strong multidisciplinary examination of the links between migration, remittances and sustainable development in Africa. It makes evidence-based policy recommendations on migration to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The key themes examined are migration and remittances, and their relations with the following issues: economic transformation, education and knowledge, corruption and conflict. Cross-cutting issues such as gender equality and youth are weaved throughout the chapters, and a rich range of country contexts are presented. The volume also discusses challenges in managing migration flows. It will be of interest to advanced students, academics and policy makers in development economics and sustainable development.



Internal Migration In Ghana

Internal Migration in Ghana PDF
Author: Charles Ackah
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Internal Migration In Ghana

by Charles Ackah, Internal Migration In Ghana Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Internal Migration In Ghana books, Using a recently compiled dataset on migration and remittances in Ghana, this paper estimates the determinants of an individual s likelihood to be an internal migrant and the relationship between internal migration and welfare. The analysis finds that the likelihood to migrate is determined by a combination of individual (pull) and community-level (push) characteristics. The probability of migration is higher for younger and more educated individuals, but communities with higher levels of literacy, higher rates of subsidized medical care, and better access to water and sanitation are less likely to produce migrants. The analysis finds that households with migrants tend to be better off than similar households without migrants, even after controlling for the fact that households with migrants are a non-random sample of Ghanaians. However, the positive relationship is only true for households with at least one migrant in urban areas; the welfare of households with migrants exclusively in rural areas is no different from households without any migrants.



The Mining Industry In Sub Saharan Africa

The Mining Industry in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Elodie Marlet
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 168

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The Mining Industry In Sub Saharan Africa

by Elodie Marlet, The Mining Industry In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Mining Industry In Sub Saharan Africa books, This doctoral dissertation establishes a comprehensive overview of the impacts of the mining industry in Sub-Saharan in three different sectors: gender-specific effects on employment, change in subnational migration flows and subsequent impacts on households’ welfare, and finally, the effects of remittances sent from mining regions on recipient households’ expenditures. Chapter 1 analyzes whether the mining industry has gender-specific labor allocation effects in local mining communities. I leverage spatial and temporal variation in mines location and production in 29 Sub-Saharan countries. Women are found to leave the labor market after a mine opens nearby, but that effect is mitigated by a small increase in employment in supporting services. Inversely, men are able to increase overall labor supply, mainly in skilled and unskilled manual labor. However, mining policies recently implemented by producing countries, such as Minerals Development Funds, have the ability to mitigate the negative impacts on women’s employment thanks to the reinvestment of royalties in the local community. Finally, I use the gold mining industry of Ghana as a case study to measure the role of pollution on mines’ employment effects. I find that pollution accounts for 38% of the decrease in women’s agricultural employment after a mine opens but doesn’t significantly affect men. These negative labor effects could be overturned with effective environmental regulations. Chapter 2 estimates the change in households’ welfare and land prices in Ghanaian mining districts using both a theoretical and empirical model. In the former, I elaborate and calibrate a spatial general equilibrium model with spatial linkages in trade and migration to compute the change in welfare and agricultural land prices following a mine opening. This shock is represented by a shock in productivity, a change in the production function’s parameters and a reduction in migration costs. The latter two changes are calibrated using households census, roads maps, and microenterprise surveys from Ghana. Following a mining shock, welfare increases by 1.3% on average in treated districts thanks to an increase in wages, which mitigates the spike of 11.5% in land rental rates. The empirical model, building on spatial and temporal variation in mining activity and an instrumental variable strategy, supports these findings. Finally, results indicate a significant change in indirect utility and land rental rates up to 200kms from the treated district and shed a new light on the mechanisms through which a mining boom can spread to nearby regions. Chapter 3 takes a fresh look at the long-standing debate on the effects of remittances on households’ welfare using Ghana as a case study. More specifically, this chapter studies the differential impacts on households’ expenditures of two different types of remittances: remittances sent from mining regions of Ghana and those sent from abroad. Thanks to two different instrumental variable strategies, I am able to show that both types of remittances appear to alleviate the budget constraint of poorer households located in the lower quartiles of income distribution. In fact, they increase their total expenditures but also the fraction of expenses spent on education, food and non-food items. On the opposite, richer households who receive remittances do not reallocate expenditures, indicating non-binding budget constraints. I also analyze how domestic shocks alter these patterns. First, following a negative shock in gold prices (which might signal higher volatility in mining regions’ revenue), mining remittances receiving households will smooth their consumption by reducing the increase in education and non-food items expenditures. On the other hand, following a national currency appreciation, international remittances receiving households will be able to significantly increase their total expenditures and experience lower food burden compared to other households. Thus, households receiving international remittances seem to be better protected against negative economic shocks as they are able to mitigate any negative effects on their expenditures, contrary to households receiving remittances from mining regions.



Global Crisis Remittances And Poverty In Asia

Global Crisis  Remittances  and Poverty in Asia PDF
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290926996
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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Global Crisis Remittances And Poverty In Asia

by Asian Development Bank, Global Crisis Remittances And Poverty In Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Crisis Remittances And Poverty In Asia books, This publication presents a comprehensive discussion on the impact of the global financial crisis (2008–2009) on certain Asian economies at different levels of analysis---showcasing cross-country regression, computable general equilibrium modeling, and microeconometric modeling for Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Viet Nam. Using different measures of remittances, cross-country regression analyses suggest that a 10% increase in remittances leads to a 3%–4% rise in real gross domestic product per capita. At the same time, the analyses show that remittances exert a negative impact on aggregate poverty. Moreover, these money transfers from abroad exert important impacts on the macroeconomy that include improving external current accounts, alleviating debt burdens, appreciation of domestic currencies, and moderating inflation.



The Evidence And Impact Of Financial Globalization

The Evidence and Impact of Financial Globalization PDF
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012405899X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 800

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The Evidence And Impact Of Financial Globalization

by , The Evidence And Impact Of Financial Globalization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Evidence And Impact Of Financial Globalization books, The sharp realities of financial globalization become clear during crises, when winners and losers emerge. Crises usher in short- and long-term changes to the status quo, and everyone agrees that learning from crises is a top priority. The Evidence and Impact of Financial Globalization devotes separate articles to specific crises, the conditions that cause them, and the longstanding arrangements devised to address them. While other books and journal articles treat these subjects in isolation, this volume presents a wide-ranging, consistent, yet varied specificity. Substantial, authoritative, and useful, these articles provide material unavailable elsewhere. Substantial articles by top scholars sets this volume apart from other information sources Rapidly developing subjects will interest readers well into the future Reader demand and lack of competitors underline the high value of these reference works



Remittance Income And Social Resilience Among Migrant Households In Rural Bangladesh

Remittance Income and Social Resilience among Migrant Households in Rural Bangladesh PDF
Author: Mohammad Jalal Uddin Sikder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137577711
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 281

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Remittance Income And Social Resilience Among Migrant Households In Rural Bangladesh

by Mohammad Jalal Uddin Sikder, Remittance Income And Social Resilience Among Migrant Households In Rural Bangladesh Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Remittance Income And Social Resilience Among Migrant Households In Rural Bangladesh books, This book examines how migrant remittances contribute to household social resilience in rural Bangladesh. Using a mixed methods approach, the authors show that remittances play a crucial role in enhancing the life chances and economic livelihoods of rural households, and that remittance income enables households to overcome immediate pressures, adapt to economic and environmental change, build economic and cultural capital, and provide greater certainty in planning for the future. However, the book also reveals that the social and economic benefits of remittances are not experienced equally by all households. Rural village households endure a precarious existence and the potentially positive outcomes of remittances can easily be undermined by a range of external and household-specific factors leading to few, if any, benefits in terms of household social resilience.



Africa Development Indicators 2011

Africa Development Indicators 2011 PDF
Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821387324
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Africa Development Indicators 2011

by World Bank, Africa Development Indicators 2011 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Africa Development Indicators 2011 books, 'Africa Development Indicators 2011' (ADI) provides the most detailed collection of data on Africa available. It pulls together data from different sources, and is an essential tool for policy makers, researchers, and other people interested in Africa.